PReparedness against CBRNE threats through cOmmon Approaches between security praCTItioners and the VulnerablE civil society

Chemical Biological Radiological Nuclear & Explosive (CBRNe) incidents, whether accidental or terrorist-based, can have a high impact on society. PROACTIVE aims to increase practitioner effectiveness in managing large and diverse groups of people in a CBRNe environment.


The main goal of the PROACTIVE project is to enhance preparedness against and response to a CBRNe incident through a better harmonisation of procedures between various categories of practitioners, and a better understanding of the needs of vulnerable citizen groups. Click on the PROACTIVE leaflet for more information.

Facts and Figures



behavioural issues associated with responding to a CBRNe incident and potential shortcomings in existing practitioner procedures and tools with respect to vulnerable groups.


real-time communication and collaboration with the use of new tools such as mobile apps for better situational awareness and better response coordination.


combinations of selected tools in joint field exercises which deliberately involve a diverse population that encompasses vulnerable citizens and non-trained staff.


human-centred recommendations for EU standards concerning the integration of CBRNe technologies and innovations that are better adapted to the needs of all citizens.

Project framework

PROACTIVE tests common approaches between European safety and security practitioners, in particular Law Enforcement Agencies (LEAs) and CBRNe First Responders. 

Within PROACTIVE, a Practitioner Stakeholder Advisory Board (PSAB) and a Civil Society Advisory Board (CSAB) have been created and are under continuous expansion.

The project activities and research methods include several systematic reviews, surveys, focus-groups, workshops and field exercises for which the PSAB and CSAB will provide valuable insight.

Liaising with the eNotice H2020 project, three joint exercises are planned. During these, we will test the usability of existing procedures and tools developed within PROACTIVE. This will provide innovative recommendations for policy-makers and safety and security practitioners.

Key concepts and definitions

PRACTITIONERS: these are Law Enforcement Agencies (LEAs; typically Police organisations), First Responders (e.g. civil protection agencies, fire brigades, ambulance) and related stakeholders including private and public bodies, transport and logistic operators, etc. who may be involved in a response in support of the official responders and international, national and municipal authorities and civil society organisations such as those that help persons with disabilities and crisis management. (From the latter perspective, ‘Practitioner’ may also include personnel who were not specifically trained for CBRNe response or CBRN decontamination procedures, such as railway staff at a railway station or a doctor who might be caught up in the incident).

CITIZENS: these are members of the public but specifically including citizens with needs that differ to the average population such as persons with disabilities, the ill (e.g. with chronic or acute health conditions), elderly, or members of an ethnic minority or of a vulnerable group. Vulnerable groups may include children, pregnant women, persons with disabilities, chronic medical disorders or addiction, older persons with functional limitations and health restrictions, institutionalized individuals as well as their carers and companions. Vulnearable citizens also include persons with limited proficiency of the respective national languages or with restrictions regarding use of transportation.

TOOLS: these include processes, software, procedures, machine, mechanism, apparatus, appliance, piece of equipment and contraption.  Several tools can be regrouped under a toolkit dedicated to a specific target group.

Outputs, impact and added value

PROACTIVE will result in toolkits for CBRNe practitioners and for civil society organisations.

  • The toolkit for practitioners will include a web collaborative platform with database scenarios for communication and exchange of best practice among LEAs as well as an innovative response tool in the form of a mobile app.
  • The toolkit for civil society will include a mobile app adapted to various vulnerable citizen categories and pre-incident public information material.

The expected results are in line with the the overall Security Union approach to fight crime and terrorism. Our results will provide valuable inputs to the EUROPOL initiative to develop a knowledge hub for CBRNe activities and help consolidate the EU Action Plan to enhance preparedness for CBRN threats.







Union internationale des chemins de fer (UIC – coordinator) France

CBRNE Ltd (CBRNE) United Kingdom

Population Protection Institute (PPI – Ministry of the Interior of the Czech Republic) Czech Republic

Deutsche Bahn AG (DB) Germany

Umea Universitet (UMU) Sweden

Deutsche Hochschule der Polizei (DHPOL) Germany

Rinisoft Ltd (RINISOFT) Bulgaria

West Midlands Police and Crime Commissioner (WMP) UK

Eticas Research and Consulting SL (ETICAS) Spain

State Emergency Service of Ukraine (SESU) Ukraine

Department of Health – Public Health England  (DHSC-PHE) UK 

State Police of Latvia (SPL) Latvia

An Garda Síochána – National Police Force Ireland (AGS) Ireland

Forsvarets Forskningsinstitutt (FFI) Norway

Komenda Główna Policji  (NPH) Poland

Advisory board

The consortium is reinforced through a large Advisory Board which is ensuring that the PROACTIVE outcomes meet the needs of both LEAs and the vulnerable civil society. The Advisory Board is being extended throughout the life of the project through a permanent new members recruitment process.

The Practitioner Stakeholder Advisory Board (PSAB) includes a high-level international panel of experts from different areas of knowledge and Practitioner stakeholders: LEAs, First Responders (e.g. medical, fire brigades), the military (including the European Defence Agency), rail security experts, government agencies, etc. Check out our flyer for more.

The Civil Society Advisory Board (CSAB) includes a diverse panel of representatives of vulnerable citizen groups: individual experts (on subjects e.g. vulnerability or disability rights) and civil society organisations (representatives of mental health organisations, associations of the elderly, children, passengers with disabilities, etc). Check out our flyer for more.

The External Ethics Advisory Board (EEAB) includes several independent ethics experts. The EEAB will provide advice and suggestions on the solutions and results of the project and will supervise the data protection and ethical issues of project research development, ensuring the PROACTIVE research activities and tools developed comply with ethical standards.


Project structure



WP NumberDeliverable nameLead participantDiss. Level
WP1CBRNe terrorism in Europe and beyond: Human Factors analysis of preparedness and responseDHSC-PHE
D1.1Findings from systematic review of public perceptions and responsesDHSC-PHEPU
D1.2Findings from systematic review of current policy for mitigation and management of CBRNe terrorismDHSC-PHEPU
D1.3Guidelines and recommendations for mitigation and management of CBRNe terrorismDHSC-PHEPU
WP2Engagement of Law Enforcement Agencies (LEAs) and other PractitionersDHPOL
D2.1Formation of the Practitioner Stakeholder Advisory BoardCBRNEPU
D2.2Report on the pre-exercise workshop with PractitionersDHSC-PHEPU
D2.3Report on the survey and benchmarking study resultsDHPOLPU
D2.4Recommendations on how to adapt SOPs and toolsPPIPU
D2.5Final Report on common approaches of CBRNe PractitionersDHPOLPU
WP3Engagement of the civil society including vulnerable citizens UMU
D3.1Formation of the Civil Society Advisory BoardUMUPU
D3.2Aide Memoire for future exercises or demonstrations involving vulnerable groupsCBRNEPU
D3.3Report on the workshop with vulnerable citizensDHSC-PHEPU
D3.4Report on the survey on common approaches of the civil societyDHPOLPU
WP4Toolkit for LEAs and security Policy-makersRINISOFT
D4.1Report on the High-level Architecture design including an interface control documentRINISOFTPU
D4.2Developed Web Collaborative platformRINISOFTPU
D4.3Developed Modular App for PractitionersRINISOFTPU
D4.4Policy-making toolkit to improve CBRNe preparedness in the European Security ModelETICASPU
WP5Toolkit for civil society organisationsDHSC-PHE
D5.1Initial Pre-Incident Public Information Materials for CBRNe terrorismDHSC-PHEPU
D5.2Final Pre-Incident Public Information Materials for CBRNe terrorismDHSC-PHEPU
D5.3Requirements of the Mobile App for vulnerable citizens and revised technical specificationsRINISOFTPU
D5.4Developed Mobile App for vulnerable citizensRINISOFTPU
WP6Joint exercises, evaluation and validation of the toolsCBRNE
D6.1The PROACTIVE Methodology for the Field ExercisesCBRNEPU
D6.2Scenario development and specifications of the evaluation methodologyDHSC-PHEPU
D6.3Report on the first field exercise and evaluation workshopDHPOLPU
D6.4Report on the second field exercise and evaluation workshopCBRNEPU
D6.5Report on the third field exercise and evaluation workshopUMUPU
D6.6Summary Report, findings and recommendations following the three field exercisesDHSC-PHEPU
WP7Dissemination and exploitationUIC
D7.1Project logo, website and social media accountsUICPU
D7.2Initial project leafletUICPU
D7.3Communication and dissemination planUICCO
D7.4Data Management Plan and Research EthicsETICASCO
D7.5Exploitation plan for commercialisation and business development strategyRINISOFTCO
D7.6Final project brochureUICPU
D7.7Exploitation plan for commercialisation and business development strategy after the end of the projectRINISOFTCO
WP8Legal, Ethical and Acceptability RequirementsETICAS
D8.1Legal and ethical state-of-the-art on CBRNe preparedness and responseETICASPU
D8.2Legal and acceptability recommendations for PROACTIVE toolkitETICASPU
D8.3Materials and briefing for PROACTIVE exercisesCBRNEPU
D8.4Ethical and societal assessment of PROACTIVE outputsETICASPU
D9.1Project management and quality assurance planUICCO


Coordinator: International Union of Railways (UIC)
Project Manager: Grigore M. Havarneanu
Website: www.proactive-h2020.eu
Email: contact@proactive-h2020.eu
LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/company/proactive-eu/
This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 832981

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